Call for Chapters: E-Discovery Tools and Applications in Modern Libraries

Editors

Egbert De Smet, (University of Antwerp, Belgium)

Sangeeta Namdev Dhamdhere, (Modern College of Arts, Science, and Commerce, India)

Proposals Submission Deadline: May 30, 2015

Full Chapters Due: August 30, 2015

Introduction

All Scientific Information is now publishes online. Researchers, scientists, authors are publishing their work online. Various online publishing platforms are available easily. Publishers prefer to publish online than print. Libraries started giving access to electronic databases, journals, books and other scholarly material also their resources and give access online, offline along with online catalogs of books and existing library material. Libraries are looking for new platform through which their users can access information from various databases on a single search window.

The topic of this book is related to new Information Discovery tools used by various libraries to give access to their resources both online (paid or free), digitized resources and catalogs on one platform which we can call as Federated Search Engine. Very few open sources federated search tools are available. Few federated search tools like example Knimbus, Mendeley, EBSCO Discovery services, Fedgate, ABCD Site, etc being used by libraries to give access to all subscribed online e-resources as well as print resources in the library to save the time of readers and give easy access to multiple databases and resources.

The library portals are now considered as Mirror of that library which gives idea about its collection and services. Library portal contains multiple databases and search engines. No aggregation at metadata level, disconnection among the resources were drawbacks of earlier library portals. There was confusion among the students to locate resources from various databases and also was time consuming process. So need of discovery service/tool i.e. single window access raised. Small libraries are still looking for the solution which is available freely as they cannot afford the commercial software for giving federated search for their resources (Online and archives).

Digital library software like Greenstone, Dspace, etc are not a complete solution to give access to library resources like archives, online databases and scholarly publications as every publisher has their own connectors. Without MOUs and agreement the many publishers do not give access to their connectors.

This book aims to give the current scenario of E-Information Discovery Tools used by different libraries from the globe, innovative techniques used by the libraries for information discovery, open source software as well as commercial software, connector based technologies used by libraries , their applications, case studies and best practices in this area.

Objective

Libraries are subscribing various online databases, ejournals, ebooks, etc in the library. To give quick access to all the library resources, archives, catalogs and online information on a single search window is challenge ahead for libraries. Digital library software gives access to only digital resources and gives path to other online resources. Catalogs and Library Management Systems can’t manage the resources distributed all over the world. E-Information Discovery tools are the tools which gives access to all library resources (existing as well as online) using federated search and connector based technology. Different libraries using different technologies to give such single search on their website or portal. To give remote access to resources different libraries uses different technology (in-housed or commercial or open source).

Still many libraries in developed countries also not yet shifted to this technology. Developing countries are looking for such E-Information Discovery tools for their libraries in low budget or free of cost. This book aim to give new innovative ideas and techniques along with tools to solve the Information retrieval problem.

Target Audience

The target audience for this book includes (but is not limited to):

• Library and Information Professionals
• Software Professionals
• Library Science Scholars
• Library and Information Science Students
• Academicians
• Researchers
• Information Scientist
• Information Professionals
• Search Engine Providers

Recommended Topics

• Information Discovery Tools used in libraries
• Comparative study of E-Discovery Tools used in the libraries
• Connector Based Technology for Federated Search
• Federated Search Tools : Open Source and Commercial
• Information Retrieval
• Digital Libraries
• Library Portals
• Indexing Techniques for online resources
• Role of Librarian in Indexing online resources
• Case Studies
• Advantages and Disadvantages of E-Info Discovery Tools
• Global Perspectives
• Future of E-Info Discovery Tools
• E-Publishing and database connectors
• Digital Resources and Archives
• Web-based Library Services
• Best Practices for Information Retrieval, etc
• Impact of E-Discovery tools on libraries

Submission Procedure

Researchers and practitioners are invited to submit on or before April 30, 2015, a chapter proposal of 1,000 to 2,000 words clearly explaining the mission and concerns of his or her proposed chapter. Authors will be notified by May 30, 2015 about the status of their proposals and sent chapter guidelines. Full chapters are expected to be submitted by August 30, 2015, and all interested authors must consult the journal’s guidelines for manuscript submissions at http://www.igi-global.com/publish/contributor-resources/before-you-write/ prior to submission. All submitted chapters will be reviewed on a double-blind review basis. Contributors may also be requested to serve as reviewers for this project.

Note: There are no submission or acceptance fees for manuscripts submitted to this book publication, E-Discovery Tools and Applications in Modern Libraries. All manuscripts are accepted based on a double-blind peer review editorial process.

Publisher

This book is scheduled to be published by IGI Global (formerly Idea Group Inc.), an international academic publisher of the “Information Science Reference” (formerly Idea Group Reference), “Medical Information Science Reference,” “Business Science Reference,” and “Engineering Science Reference” imprints. IGI Global specializes in publishing reference books, scholarly journals, and electronic databases featuring academic research on a variety of innovative topic areas including, but not limited to, education, social science, medicine and healthcare, business and management, information science and technology, engineering, public administration, library and information science, media and communication studies, and environmental science. For additional information regarding the publisher, please visit http://www.igi-global.com/. This publication is anticipated to be released in 2016.

Book Series

For release in the Advances in Library and Information Science (ALIS) Book Series ISSN: 2326-4136
The Advances in Library and Information Science (ALIS) Book Series is comprised of high quality, research-oriented publications on the continuing developments and trends affecting the public, school, and academic fields, as well as specialized libraries and librarians globally. These discussions on professional and organizational considerations in library and information resource development and management assist in showcasing the latest methodologies and tools in the field. The ALIS Book Series aims to expand the body of library science literature by covering a wide range of topics affecting the profession and field at large. The series also seeks to provide readers with an essential resource for uncovering the latest research in library and information science management, development, and technologies.

Important Dates

Proposal Submission Deadline: April 30, 2015

Full Chapter Submission: August 30, 2015

Review Results to Authors: October 30, 2015

Final Chapter Submission: November 30, 2015

Inquiries

modernlibrary.sangeeta@gmail.com

egbert.desmet@uantwerpen.be

Source of announcement

http://www.igi-global.com/publish/call-for-papers/call-details/1750

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Controversy over Reference Titles

We all know how fanatic beliefs can cause conflicts. We also know that, in our profession, such conflicts are common. Not everybody agrees with our approach towards our library’s Collection Development. We are trying to create a diverse collection. No library has every possible title out there. However, librarians attempt to include something for everybody in their orders.

Some months ago, I took over the Reference section in one of the two libraries I work for. The first thing I did was to replace outdated information in areas where such information can be harmful in one way or another (Medicine, Language). After the first couple of months, I started adding titles based on users’ requests. In a couple of cases, people asked for Wicca books. There was an older multi-volume encyclopedia in the Reference section, but people wanted something lighter and easier to read than an encyclopedia. I added three titles to my next order and suggested a couple of more to the non-fiction librarian. Suddenly, it dawned on me that there might be reactions, but I dismissed those thoughts and concerns as unnecessary.

In the end of October, one of the assistants of the Adult reference Department notified me that she had been “harassed” by a user because of the librarian’s Reference choices! This person stated that she did not agree with the Wicca books. My assistant attempted to explain that the topic was requested by other users and also that we try to buy items for everybody without discrimination. Apparently, these explanations and justifications did not satisfy the user. She replied that she goes to different libraries and checks what librarians are ordering! She was very disappointed about our library.

Suddenly, I realized that I ordered a couple of books on Native Americans in the Michigan area, including a Chippewa dictionary and American-Indian history in the area, because a couple of users asked for them. After the religious controversy, would that be a new racial one? I cannot stop thinking of the fact that so many people consider the library their private book collection and want everything to agree with their beliefs. The simple “you don’t like it; don’t read it” idea is not enough for these people. This reminds me of Hitler’s attempts to control what people read and listened to, by burning everything he felt did not agree with the Third Reich approach. If users like the one mentioned above were allowed to take action, they would burn half of the books in our libraries. How much have we learned from history and how much have we evolved?

…To Boldly Go Where No Librarian Has Gone Before!

The Librarian of the beginning of the 21st Century is sitting on the borderline between the old and the new library world. This is a species that needs to evolve, in order to deal with the technological developments of our time. Technology is an important part in the present and future of librarianship and librarians must be able to embrace and follow it.

It is not long ago that Library schools did not have all these technology courses that they have today. Librarians today must be technologically savvy and follow new developments. Life-long learning is a must for the new librarian species. However, it is also a must for older librarians who continue in the profession. This is a change for them, one they cannot ignore. It is an inconvenience they have to endure.

Are these the only changes in librarianship? What about the users? Are they different today and in what way? Should the librarians adjust their approach in order to serve their communities better? Well, the users are different. Some are into technology and expect the librarians to be able to help them. Others hate technology and expect the librarians to be able to help them. In any case, everybody expects the librarians to be able to help them! This takes us back to what I mentioned earlier about following new developments.

The approach, now, is a bit different. The new librarian species must be able to switch between the technology lovers and the technology haters. The former users want somebody to speak their language. The latter users want somebody to take them by the hand and do everything for them. The bottom line here is that everybody and everything is changing and we need to be the drivers in the vehicle that will take us to our future. Our communities expect to find somebody to lead them into the new world. We are these leaders!

 

Educating the Community in Libraries

Libraries exist for two reasons. One is the storage and preservation of knowledge regardless of format and the second is the improvement of their respective community. One area of improvement is education. The latter requires involvement. Involvement means, that the library is not only the quiet place where people enter to look for something and have no interaction with anybody until they go to check out or ask for help. On the contrary, it is a place where things happen. The library is/must be alive.

One way libraries can offer education is with free classes. The other way is the challenging one and requires librarian involvement in any occasion this seems necessary. The challenging part here is that any advice or information provided by librarians may not be welcomed. It cannot be enforced upon the users. Consequently, such attempt must be abandoned, if it is not welcome. This development is not a failure for the librarians who should not be discouraged or offended.

There are people in today’s world open to new information, ideas, and knowledge in general. There are others who are afraid of it, simply because the new knowledge will change their status quo, meaning the way they are used to think or act. The latter people usually express feelings of hatred towards the new knowledge like: “I hate computers”. This is actually fear disguised as hatred, a fear that causes a complex to the person who experiences it and brings up frustration.

There are different ways of approaching people. Personality plays a significant role in this case. However, most of the times, the librarian will not able to figure out a person’s personality in the limited time of their interaction. In most cases such attempt will fail and will become useful experience for the future, for the positive messages it can provide to the librarian and not as a failure.

Imposing Order Can Also Mean More Freedom

One of the things that we learn about in Library School is how important controlled vocabularies are. Not every student loves the cataloging class, but we all have to take one as part of the core coursework. Learning about the importance of controlled vocabularies and the role that they play in the creation and retrieval of information is key to the world of library and information science.

One of the introductory exercises that we perform as students in cataloging classes inevitably involves comparing searches using library catalogs with those using a search engine such as Google. The results inevitably reveal that searches using library catalogs most often contain fewer “hits” and that they are more likely to match what our search intentions are in the first place. Search engines, on the other hand, while they might return results that can guide us to information sources that we wish to discover, most often point us towards a plethora of many other resources which can often be completely unrelated to the search that we in fact have in mind.

So, why are the results returned in a Google search so different from those in a library catalog? Well, now I will get back to my original thoughts posted in this blog entry and talk a bit more about the idea of control. The reason for the difference in the results of the two types of searches comes down to a matter of imposed structure, in other words, control. In the world of library and information science, metadata about objects/items exist in the form of records that involve the use of things like the use of controlled vocabularies, thesauri, and ISO’s. There are rules that should be adhered to when creating metadata for the purposes of information retrieval. Without structure either embedded within them, or linked to them via metadata records, documents existing on the Internet are mere blocks of text, all alone in a big cyber world, with no way to connect to would-be information consumers. 

Although there exist lots and lots of unstructured documents on the Internet, there are many efforts underway which do impose order on the chaotic world of the Web. One such effort, among many, is that of Wikimedia and its various projects. One example of Wikimedia projects is called Wikidata.

If you are interested in familiarizing yourself a bit with what Wikimedia is doing with its Wikidata project, click on the link provided for their address, scroll to the section entitled Contribute, and click on List of Properties Used in Wikidata Entries. Scroll down and notice a variety of “entities”. In this case, the entities that Wikidata wishes to narrow down happen to be very, very basic things such as person, place, organization, etc.  Next click on, for example, the tab labeled Person and note a table that lists various things/characteristics listed in table format that Wikidata lists as properties about a person, along with recommended data types (i.e. strings, items, etc.) that one should use when describing various characteristics about a person. All of these recommendations represent an attempt to impose structure on those creating and contributing documents to the Internet.

What is the point of all of this control? Isn’t the Web supposed to be a savage place, wildly free, and without restriction? The point is that without some control, it would be (mostly) impossible to harness the power of the never-ending flow of information that is added to the Internet. In a nutshell, structure allows algorithms to extract information embedded within documents, as well as harvest information that exists in metadata repositories. Without some control/standardization, it would not be possible for organizations to harvest and share information as they do, nor would it be possible for algorithms to “interpret” data in such a way as to increase the dissemination and retrieval of information.